Les fruits sauvages comestibles des savanes guinéennes de Côte-d'Ivoire : état de la connaissance par une population locale, les Malinké

G.A. Ambé

Résumé


Edible wild fruits in Guinean savannas of the Ivory Coast: state of the knowledge by local population, the Malinke. In the Guinean pre-forest savannas of Ivory Coast, rural people consume many wild edible fruits. There is a significant trade of some wild fruits, but most of them are eaten raw at gathering sites. While a small number of fruit species are selected when clearing land for cultivation, the majority of them are destroyed and replaced by economic crops. From an ethnobotanical approach consisting in "open-ended" and semi-structured interviews, 75 wild edible fruit species, known by the Malinke ethnic group of Seguela (a department in the northwest of the Ivory Coast), were inventoried. Among them, about 55 wild fruits were particularly investigated and were classified according to their importance for local peoples. Several fruit categories were identified going from the ones that are well known and regularly eaten to those that are unknown and not used. The study revealed that many edible wild fruits are still unknown or insufficiently exploited in the region, in spite of their nutritional values. It was concluded that the valorization of these resources could be beneficial for the concerned people.

Mots-clés


fruits; wild-plants; ethnobotany; rural-population; consumer-behaviour; savannas; cote-d'-ivoire; africa; africa-south-of-sahara; behaviour; botany; human-behaviour; human-population; plant-products; plants; social-anthropology; vegetation; west-africa; wildlife

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open access Publié en Libre Accès Licence Creative Commons | Politique d'archivage et de copyright, voir : Sherpa/Romeo

ISSN : 1370-6233 / eISSN : 1780-4507 Google scholar Most cited papers

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